Teaching Materials - Exercise

Linear image:motion images

Name of Artist Educator: Leung Yiu Hong
Excercise Category: Imagery Reading, Visual storytelling

Getting to know different linear reading modes helps us understand how photos tell a story, or even break the traditional way of linear reading.

Concept / Inspiration:

Linearity dominates traditional typography as well as ways of reading, in both cases, readers are presented with content that moves in a single direction. Getting to know different linear reading modes helps us understand how photos tell a story, or even break the traditional way of linear reading. Observe the relationship between the images, consider how different visual elements are deployed to outline the development of the story, the change of time and space, examples include visual stimulation and angle of composition, etc


  1. To let students understand the linear mode of reading images.
  2. To observe the minute changes taken place in the serial images and train students’ observation skills.

Materials / Equipment:

  • Camera


Within school

Workshop Description:

Part One│Understanding linear reading mode

  1. Instructor would introduce the way photos narrate a story using four-frame comic as an example: the comic consists of a beginning, a climax and an ending, developed frame by frame. Students contemplate on the relationship between images, the change of space, visual stimulation, angle of composition, development of fictionality and temporality, etc.


2. Invite students to compose a story and draw it on the blackboard. They need to consider how the story progresses in each of the frame, the continuity of the story, the change in shot angles and types, etc.
The four-frame comic begins with a school uniform and the story advanced in each of the frame.


Part Two│Shooting a comic strip

Students in groups will shoot on campus a series of motion images which narrate a story. They need to take 60 images that are continuous and coherent with the story they are narrating; for targets that move rather quickly, they can be captured using the continuous shooting mode. Before the shoot, students should discuss the sequence and connection of the events, and the change in lens, and then start looking for venues that suit the story.


Part Three│Making of flipbook

Students could turn these images into flipbook format. Please refer to Leung Yiu Hong’s “Serial images (2) : Temporal linkage of images and the making of Flipbook.

Note 1: Fictionality: Fiction or story can be based on something as momentary as a conversation or a piece of news, it can also be a display of something trivial in everyday life or a state of being. Remind students that fictionality does not mean theatricality, just as narrating a story does not require giving a detailed answer to questions of when, where, who and what.


Students’ works:


Reference Materials:

Punk Magazine photocomic featuring Debbie Harry and Joey Ramone, 1978

Works by Duane Michals
Duane Michals (1973)

Works by David Hockney
Hockney Cameraworks internal6 1000  NamJunePaik_David Hockney_005
NamJunePaik_David Hockney_008  NamJunePaik_David Hockney_010
NamJunePaik_David Hockney_011   NamJunePaik_David Hockney_012


Video on Stop Motion Animation ─ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmFXhvErLPM