Teaching Materials - Exercise

Serial images (1) – Changes and association of images

Name of Artist Educator: Leung Yiu Hong
Excercise Category: Imagery Reading

How does a series of photos link together? What is serial photography? What is narrativity? What is fictionality?

Concept / Inspiration:

How does a series of photos link together? What is serial photography? What is narrativity? What is fictionality?

If images appear as a series, what are the different ways to connect them to one another?

Temporality is one of the qualities that link images to one another. One photo may tell very little, but if the same object is shot everyday for ten years, the impact of a series of images will show. Another quality that links images together is fictionality. While one photo may be endowed with certain meaning, if it is juxtaposed with another photo and read as a pair, their meanings will be dependent on the interpretation of the other. Therefore, with the aid of sequence and design, serial images may spark off a conversation, with which comes an interwoven story.


  1. To train students to observe the changes in photo series and to develop a narrative from such changes.

Materials / Equipment:

  • Camera
  • Photo printer
  • Simple tools for exhibition, such as rope, clips, tape (applicable to advance level)


Within campus

Workshop Description:

Part One l Change and association

  1. Divide students in groups, ask them to come up with a story. The story needs to have a plot line or development of events.
  2. Take four photos in campus to narrate this story. Students need to be aware of the changes of their subjects and the shifting of the lens, which will help demonstrate how the story unfolds.


Part Two l Putting the photos together

Develop the photos, ask students to put them in an order and come up with a story. Share the story with the class.


Advanced version:
For students who are more sensitive to the visual effect of images, instructor can consider letting them utilise the space of the classroom to showcase their story, so that they will take a step further and learn how to narrate in an indoor settings. They can design the viewing experience for the audience and lead them in reading the work.

Actual Outcome:

  1. Remind students that fictionality does not mean theatricality. Fiction or story can be based on something as momentary as a conversation or a piece of news, it can also be a display of something trivial in everyday life or a state of being.
  2. Students were used to shooting single subject continuously, for example, taking snapshots of a student running. The variety of images was limited. Hence, the instructor emphasised the need of change in images and subjects.
  3. Students were used to take portraits the show the facial expression to tell the plots directly. The instructor reminded them that they can introduce elements of association and metaphor in their narrative. Instructor may also encourage them to shoot a variety of things, or take an extreme wide shot to tell the story or embody certain emotion, so as to experiment with different means of expression.

Note 1: Refer to point 3, Thomas Lin’s “Composition series (2) I’m speaking” could train students on how to represent abstract elements by images.


Students’ works
GretaTas_Chow_20151106_024 GretaTas_Chow_20151106_025 1

Reference Materials:

Artworks by Andrew Bush:
3  4

Artworks by Ume Kayo:
7 8
9 10