Teaching Materials - Exercise

Serial images (2) : Temporal linkage of images and the making of Flipbook

Name of Artist Educator: Leung Yiu Hong
Excercise Category: Technical exercise, Visual storytelling

Time is formless, intangible. How can we perceive the passage of time? When shall we realise the weight of time?

Concept / Inspiration:

Time is formless, intangible. We can only perceive the passage of time by witnessing the changes a subject undergoes. However minute that change may be, when we observe the same subject via lens for a long period of time, and flip through the collection of images rapidly, the images will appear to simulate motion and changes. That is how we realise the weight of time.


  1. To introduce students one of the ways to shoot and make books.
  2. To let students observe the change brought by time through serial images.

Materials / Equipment:

  • Camera
  • Paper trimmer
  • Paper of different textures
  • Photos (30 is recommended)
  • Binding tools (dependent on different binding methods)



Workshop Description:

Part One | Everything changes

Pick something that changes, it can be something that changes rapidly or slowly, and take 30 frames of it continuously. Note that during the shoot, the camera must stay still, the subject needs to be consistent too. (It is suggested to do the continuous shoot on a daily basis, making the exercise a 30-day one.)


Part Two | Making of Flipbook

1. Development
The photos need not to be arranged in chronical order. The importance of paper texture and sizing should be taken into account too, students may consider the way how pages are turned, both in terms of convenience and practicality.

Thicker paper is more durable, while harder paper makes good book cover.
The size of the book should not be much larger than two palms put together, or else it will be not easy to flip and read.

2. Binding
Binding decides both the way the book is read and the sequence of reading. Photos can be viewed individually and they can be treated collectively, depending on the way they are opened. Students may observe the linkage between book themes and binding methods, and consider using different materials (fabrics), packaging, and texture of paper. During the binding process, take note of the position of the image, and make sure the edges of the paper align.

GretaTas_Chow_20151204_007 GretaTas_Chow_20151204_036

Note 1:It is advised to supplement the exercise with Leung Yiu Hong’s“Linear image: motion images


Please click the images below to view the videos demonstrating the individual flip book:

Chow Lap Chun:
Chow lap chun

Choy Man Wai:
Choy Man Wai

Lau Ping Ping:
Lau Ping Ping

Leung Ho Wai:
Leung Ho Wai

Wong Tsz Wing:
Wong Tsz Wing

Reference Materials:

Artworks by Eadweard Muybridge:



Timelapse video by English photographer Johnathan Keller: Introduction and video

Timelapse video:
The Longest Way 1.0 – walk through China and grow a beard!
Hong Kong timelapse

Stop motion animated video: Insane Stop Motion